What’s the difference between Float and Double in SwiftPublished on: June 10, 2020
Float are both used to represent decimal numbers, but they do so in slightly different ways.
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If you initialize a decimal number in Swift using as shown below, the Swift compiler will assume that you meant to create a
let val = 3.123 // val is inferred to be Double
The reason for this is that
Double is the more precise type when comparing it to
Float holds a total of 8 positions, or 32 bits. Since
Double is more precise, it can hold more positions. It uses 64 bits to do this. In practice, that means the following:
print(Double.pi) // 3.141592653589793 print(Float.pi) // 3.1415925
As you can see,
Double can represent
pi far more accurately than
Float. We can make the difference more obvious if we multiply
print(Double.pi * 1000) // 3141.592653589793 print(Float.pi * 1000) // 3141.5925
Float sacrifice some after the comma precision when you multiply
Float this means that it only has four decimal places while
Double still has twelve.