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Mixing colors in SwiftUI and Xcode 16

Published on: June 18, 2024

SwiftUI in iOS 18 and macOS 15 has gained a new trick; it can mix colors. This means that it’s now possible to take a color and modify it by applying another color to it using a provided percentage. The video below shows how this works: Notice how the large rectangle updates its color to be a certain mix of a left and right color. In the video I use distinct colors but you can also mix with white or black to lighten or darken your color. One use of color mixing I like a lot is to explore color...

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Using iOS 18’s new TabView with a sidebar

Published on: June 12, 2024

In iOS 18, Apple has revamped the way that tab bars look. They used to be positioned at the bottom of the screen with an icon and a text underneath. Starting with iOS 18, tab bars will no longer be displayed in that manner. Instead, on iPad you will have your tab bar on the top of the screen with text-only items while on iPhone your tab bar will retain its old look. In addition to changing how a tab bar looks, Apple has also added new behavior to the tab bar; it can expand into a sidebar that contains...

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Building a stretchy header view with SwiftUI on iOS 18

Published on: June 11, 2024

In iOS 18, SwiftUI's ScrollView has gotten lots of love. We have several new features for ScrollView that give tons of control to us as developers. One of my favorite interactions with scroll views is when I can drag on a list an a header image animates along with it. In UIKit we'd implement a UIScrollViewDelegate and read the content offset on scroll. In SwiftUI we could achieve the stretchy header effect with GeometryReader but that's never felt like a nice solution. In iOS 18, it's possible to achieve a stretchy header with little to no workarounds by using the...

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Modern logging with the OSLog framework in Swift

Published on: June 7, 2024

We all know that print is the most ubiquitous and useful debugging tool in a developer’s toolbox. Sure, we have breakpoints too but what’s the fun in that? Sprinkling some prints throughout our codebase to debug a problem is way more fun! And of course when we print more than we can handle we just add some useful prefixes to our messages and we’re good to go again. What if i told that you can do way better with just a few lines of code. You can send your prints to more places, give them a priority, and more. Of...

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@preconcurrency usage in swift explained

Published on: May 28, 2024

When you enable strict concurrency checks for your existing projects, it’s likely that Xcode will present loads of warnings and/or errors when you compile your project for the first time. In this post, I’d like to take a look at a specific kind of error that relates to code that you didn’t write. The @preconcurrency declaration can be added to: functions types protocols imports Let’s take a look at all of these areas to fully understand how @preconcurrency helps us enable strict concurrency checks even if we can’t update all of our dependencies just yet. @preconcurrency imports To be specific,...

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Programmatic navigation in SwiftUI with NavigationPath and navigationDestination

Published on: May 22, 2024

One of the key features that was missing from SwiftUI when it first shipped was a good way to do programmatic navigation. There were some ways to handle this before iOS 16 introduced NavigationPath but it wasn’t very satisfying to use those APIs and they could be rather unreliable at times. To see an example, take a look at this post I wrote about handling deeplinks on iOS 14. In this post, I’d like to revisit programmatic navigation through iOS 16’s NavigationPath API which is a huge leap forward in terms of developer experience and reliability at the same time....

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Turn off sidebar hiding on NavigationSplitView in SwiftUI

Published on: May 21, 2024

By default, a NavigationSplitView in SwiftUI will show users an option to toggle the visibility of the sidebar. If you want to prevent this button from showing up so that users will always have to see your sidebar, you can do this by applying the toolbar(removing:) view modifier to your split view's sidebar as follows: NavigationSplitView(sidebar: { ExercisesList() .toolbar(removing: .sidebarToggle) }, detail: { ExerciseDetail(exercise: exercises.first!) }) The downside of doing this is that the button is hidden both in portrait and landscape modes. The result is that landscape users can no longer access your app's sidebar. To fix this you...

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How to decide between a Set and Array in Swift?

Published on: May 15, 2024

Collections are a key component in any programming language. We often refer to collections as Array or Set but there are several other kinds of collections in programming like String (often a collection of type Character) and ArraySlice (referring to a part of an array). In this post, I’d like to explore two of the most common collection types; Set and Array. We’ll take a look at the key characteristics for each and we’ll explore use cases where we can use each. We’ll cover the following topics: Understanding Array’s key characteristics Understanding Set’s key characteristics Exploring performance considerations Use cases...

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Swift’s “if” and “switch” expressions explained

Published on: May 14, 2024

In Swift, we sometimes want to assign a property based on whether a certain condition is true or false, or maybe based on the value of an enum. To do this, we can either make a variable with a default value that we change after checking our condition or we define a let without a value so we can assign a value based on our conditions. Alternatively, you might have used a ternary expression for simple assignments based on a conditional check. Here’s what a ternary looks like: let displayName = object.isManaged ? object.managedName : object.name This code isn’t easy...

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What are enums in Swift?

Published on: May 8, 2024

Swift comes with types of objects that we can use to write type declarations. They all have their own distinct features, upsides, and downsides. In this post I’d like to zoom in on the enum type so you can get a sense of what enums are, and when they can be useful. In this post we’ll cover the following topics: Understanding the basics of enums Knowing when an enum should be used Avoiding enum overuse Let's jump right in! Understanding the basics of enums In Swift, enums are values types that are declared using the enum keyword. Every possible value...

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